Prostitute/virgin bride

Matthew handled the mystery better than Mark, having had more time to study after the book of Mark was written. A riddle concerning the lost generation has been observed as well as a demonstration of his use of pattern in the title of Jesus as the Usurping Second Son. In the rest of the genealogy you may find patterns displaying the Un-begotten Son, The Only Begotten Son, and the Forsaken Son. For expediency sake, the Second Son pattern was shown as an example rather than as an exhaustive enumeration into all the riddles. John makes an appeal to the same expediency excuse. [1]

The prostitute/virgin bride

Matthew demonstrates his observance of the prostitute/virgin bride motif or pattern found in the OT. It would be wrong to assume that Mark/Peter was unaware of the circumstances of Jesus’s birth. The disciples surely shared their knowledge among each other as they recollected the happenings. But the time of Mark’s book, they had not correlated those events with the scriptures, and did not see why those details were important to the fulfillment of prophecy.

The referent of this pattern is the church which is described as both a prostitute and a virgin. God’s people have the sin nature which makes them to be their own god, yet Christ makes the church his spotless bride. Matthew uses Mary as his example since she is a part of the literal life of Christ which is also a prophecy of the bride of Christ. If all things speak of Christ, then they look like each other sometimes.

Often one, and sometimes two women who are closely associated, participate in the establishment of the prostitute/virgin bride pattern. In this pattern the person may literally be one or both, or either part may be hinted at by the riddle, the same way that men became the second son by way of riddle.


Mary was suspected of adultery [2], yet was a virgin. [3]
Mary means ‘rebellious’ yet she was faithful. Her name also means ‘death מר of God’s people ים eem [4] ‘. This is curious since Tamar who prefigures Mary, mean ‘the end ת of death מר mar. Between the two women we have a riddle.

Mary represents the church before the cross which must die with Christ [5]. Tamar represents the church after the cross when her son ends death. [6]


Eve was seduced by the serpent [7] but had a son by the seed of the woman as a hint of a virgin birth. [8]


Rebekah was a virgin who was ‘took/married’ [9] by the servant
Rebekah was ‘uncovered’ with the servant, and covered herself when she saw Isaac. [10] This is a riddle hint of he prostitute, while she remained pure.

Leah and Rachel

Leah sneaked into Jacob’s wedding tent [11], playing the role of the prostitute while Rachel remained the virgin bride. The ambiguity of the pronoun is also suggestive that Laban took his own daughter as well. This did not occur, but it is relevant to the word-play of prophecy.


Tamar played the harlot but was called more righteous than Judah. [12]


Gomer was a prostitute who named her first child Jezreel “God sows” as a hint of the virgin birth. [13]

Israel and the church

Israel was repeatedly chastised for playing the harlot, and the church is described as he virgin bride.


  1. Joh 21:25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.
  2. Mt 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just [man], and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.
  3. Mt 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
  4. same usage as in Elohim
  5. Ro 6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
  6. The names of her sons mean ‘breaking forth’ and ‘rising sun’ to prefigure Jesus as the Dayspring. Re 21:4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
  7. Ge 3:1 ¶ Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
  8. Ge 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
  9. The Hebrew word for ‘took’ also means married
  10. Ge 24:65 For she [had] said unto the servant, What man [is] this that walketh in the field to meet us? And the servant [had] said, It [is] my master: therefore she took a vail, and covered herself.
  11. Ge 29:23 And it came to pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter, and brought her to him [Jacob]; and he went in unto her.
  12. [[Ge 38:26 And Judah acknowledged [them], and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.
  13. Ho 1:2 ¶ The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, [departing] from the LORD. Ho 1:3 So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bare him a son. Ho 1:4 And the LORD said unto him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little [while], and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.


Second son – Pharez

Pharez the literal second son

At the time of birth, of the twins Pharez and Zarah, Zarah had stuck his hand out first. The midwife declared that Zarah was first. [1]

Pharez the riddle second son

Zarah pulled his hand back and Pharez was born first. He became a usurping second son and obtained the promise and inheritance.

Though the midwife had declared Zarah to be first, she tied a scarlet thread on his wrist. The Hebrew word for ‘scarlet’ שׁני shaniy also means ‘second’. She declared by her actions that he was second. The metaphor for scarlet is ‘sin’. [2] Appropriately the first son, representing Christ before the cross, bore our sin figuratively.

Pharez’s keys

Though his name פרץ Perets means ‘breach’ the letters spell out ‘the mystery פ revealed ר in the cross ץ’. His brother’s name זרח Zerach means ‘dawning’ and together they are ‘breaking forth of dawning’. Jesus was called Dayspring. [3] as hint of Resurrection morning. They survived the threat of death (while in Tamar’s womb) to spring forth in resurrection.

Matthew points out that Parez and Zarah were of Tamar. Details matter. Some mock the idea that every detail is important as if God would blab on about trivial things. Tamar means ‘palm tree’ but contains the meaning ‘the end ת of death מר mar’. The breaking forth of the dawning; resurrection morn, was the end of death. [4]


  1. Ge 38:28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that [the one] put out [his] hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.
  2. Isa 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
  3. Lu 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
  4. Joh 11:26 And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?



Second son – Judah

Judah is NOT the literal second son

Judah [1] is not a literal second son. He is the fourth son of Jacob and Leah, after Reuben [2], Simeon [3], and Levi [4].

Judah the riddle second son

As the fourth son, God plays riddles to make him the second son. Levi was not to be numbered as one of the tribes. [5] And Simeon and Levi would be dispersed. [6] With two of the first three sons out of the way, Judah becomes the second son.

Judah plays the role of he second son as well. The promise and blessing goes through him to Christ.

Since man and his wife are one flesh: Judah and his Adullamite wife are the first flesh, and Judah and Tamar are the second flesh. His son’s from the Adullamite are not fruitful, [7]

Judah’s Keys

A man and his wife are one flesh: Judah died with his first wife, yet continued to live. [8]

There is a dramatic change in his person with a scene of the cross in the midst. He is a man of the flesh as he deceived Jacob into thinking that Joseph is dead. [9] But then offers himself for his brother Benjamin’s life. [10] Between the two events, Judah had been placed in prison by Joseph, as a picture of the cross.

Judah exchanges sin with Tamar, as Christ exchanges our sin for his righteousness, and she is proclaimed to be more righteous than he. [11]


  1. ‘יהודה – God יהוה with a declaration ד in him ‘ or ‘praised’
  2. ‘see ראו a son בן’
  3. ‘hear שמ depravity עון’
  4. ‘teach ל creation (God’s purposes) י with clarity’
  5. Nu 2:33 But the Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.
  6. Ge 49:5 ¶ Simeon and Levi [are] brethren; instruments of cruelty [are in] their habitations. Ge 49:6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. Ge 49:7 Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
  7. Ge 38:7 And Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD slew him. Ge 38:9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother’s wife, that he spilled [it] on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother. but those of Tamar are, and also get the inheritance.
  8. Ge 38:12 ¶ And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Judah’s wife died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
  9. Ge 37:32 And they sent the coat of [many] colours, and they brought [it] to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it [be] thy son’s coat or no.
  10. Ge 44:33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren.
  11. Ge 38:24 ¶ And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she [is] with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt. Ge 38:25 When she [was] brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these [are, am] I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose [are] these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff. Ge 38:26 And Judah acknowledged [them], and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.


Second son – Jacob

Tradition in most cultures, including the Hebrew, dictates that he first-born son receives the inheritance or favor in the inheritance. This string of second-son inheritors is out of the norm and is used by God to prophesy of Christ.

Jacob the literal second son

Esau and Jacob were twins. Esau was born first and Jacob was born right on his heels. [1]

Esau’s personality reflects that of the earthly man; the man of the flesh. He traded his birthright for a boiling pottage.

Jacob the riddle second son

Esau’s characteristics also indicate his earthly nature in riddle and symbol. When he was born he was red in color. [2] The Hebrew word for red is ‘adam’. The same as the name for the first man Adam. Esau was also hairy all over his body. Hair is a symbol for authority. In riddle is suggests that Esau was a man who gave authority to his body/flesh.

He traded his birthright for soup. In Hebrew this is zood nazid or ‘pride’ ‘son of man’s pride’. [3] This fits well with the image of Esau being earthly. When he asked for the pottage, he asked for the red (Adam) pottage, and his name was changed to Edom, which is spelled the same as Adam. [4]

Jacob was renamed Israel. Jacob lost all he had gained when he forfeited it during his reunion with Esau, but gained it all back as Israel.

Jacob’s keys

Esau was threatened with death but did not die [5]

Jacob threatened with death but did not die [6]

He slept (died) [7] and awoke with God’s blessing of fruitfulness.

Stone on the mouth of the well [8]

THe rods were striped [9]

Threatened with death [10]

Wrestled with God (underground) [11]
Next: Second son – Judah


  1. Ge 25:26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac [was] threescore years old when she bare them.
  2. Ge 25:25 And the first came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau.
  3. Ge 25:29 ¶ And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he [was] faint:
  4. Ge 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red [pottage]; for I [am] faint: therefore was his name called Edom.
  5. Ge 25:32 And Esau said, Behold, I [am] at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me?
  6. Ge 27:42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, [purposing] to kill thee.
  7. Ge 28:11 And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put [them for] his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
  8. Ge 29:3 And thither were all the flocks gathered: and they rolled the stone from the well’s mouth, and watered the sheep, and put the stone again upon the well’s mouth in his place.
  9. Ge 30:37 ¶ And Jacob took him rods of green poplar, and of the hazel and chesnut tree; and pilled white strakes in them, and made the white appear which [was] in the rods.
  10. Ge 32:11 Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, [and] the mother with the children.
  11. Ge 32:24 ¶ And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.


Second son – Isaac

In the second son theme, the second son receives the inheritance that the first son loses. Isaac is literally a second son, and he is a second son by way of riddle. Isaac tells us something about Christ as the second Adam that we did not yet see in Abraham. Isaac is the third ‘second’ in Matthews list of records.

Isaac the literal second son

Ishmael was the first born child of Abram. He was born before Abram became Abraham. A change of name does not make him literally, not a child of Abraham, but Isaac is called the only begotten son of Abraham. [1] Literally, Isaac remained the second son of Abraham. In the role of the second son, he obtained the inheritance that Ishmael literally lost. [2]

Isaac the riddle second son

The keys to teaching (the kingdom of heaven) are the symbols of the cross. For Isaac, the obvious one is when he is placed on the altar as the sacrifice. [3] Prior to that moment he represents the first son who dies desolate. The fact that he didn’t die, is a symbol of his resurrection. After that moment he is he second son who is fruitful [4] and receives the inheritance.

Next: Second son – Jacob


  1. Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son],
  2. Ge 17:21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.
  3. Ge 22:9 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
  4. Ge 25:26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac [was] threescore years old when she bare them.


Second son – Abraham

Abraham was the first instance of the first-son/second-son theme that Matthew saw. The theme says that he first son loses an inheritance and/or is fruitless and is also portrayed as being earthly. The second son is the heavenly son who gains the inheritance and is fruitful.

There are two ways that this theme is played out concerning Abraham. He is literally a second son and he is figuratively a second son.

Abram the literal second son

Genesis appears to give Abraham pre-eminence as the first born in the listing of the sons of Terah. This itself is a riddle, since he is the second son, as the numbers will prove out.

Ge 11:26 And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

Terah was 70 years of age when Abram was born

Ge 11:32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

Terah died when he was 205.

Ge 12:4 ¶ So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram [was] seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

Upon Terah’s death Abram leaves Ur; he was 75, 205-75=130. Terah was 130 years old when Abraham was born, and 70 years when Haran was born.

Many Greek interpreters suggest that Abraham was generous in giving Lot the first pick of land when they separated. [1] Abraham may or may not have been a generous man, but we do not know it from these verses. It was Lot’s birthright, as successor to the firstborn to act on behalf of the firstborn. Lot was the house of Haran. It was was customary and proper for Abraham to defer to him.

Since Lot represents the first son, the expected pattern for the first-son/second-son theme is that he will be earthly rather than spiritual. There are two hints to this: the literal, and a riddle.

Literally, Lot chose the land that was green and pleasing to the eye [2] Lot exhibits signs of the lust of the eyes.

Consider the riddle which uses other symbols. Abraham introduces the left and right hand imagery, though we don’t have any reason to believe that he understood it. He suggests that one go left and one go right. [3] Recall how Jesus uses the left and the right with the goats and the sheep. [4]

Did Lot go right or left? Is there sufficient information for us to know? It tells us that Abram had been traveling South [5] and then Lot went East. [6] He made a left turn. He chose the path of the goat/flesh.

Abraham the riddle second son

Abraham is also a second son by way of riddle. He was born as Abram. [7] He was “born again” as Abraham. [8]

Abram “died” desolate. He did not receive the promised child (Isaac). The child of promise came to Abraham. When Ishamel was born, he was born to Abram not to Abraham. [9] Just so there is no misunderstanding about the desolation of Abram, Paul, in writing to the Hebrews confirms our method of interpretation. He calls Isaac, Abraham’s only-begotten son. Though Abraham had many more sons, the only one that counts as a son of Abraham is Isaac because he is the child of promise. [10]


  1. Ge 13:9 [Is] not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if [thou wilt take] the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if [thou depart] to the right hand, then I will go to the left.
  2. Ge 13:10 ¶ And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it [was] well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [even] as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
  3. Ge 13:9 [Is] not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if [thou wilt take] the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if [thou depart] to the right hand, then I will go to the left.
  4. Mt 25:33 And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
  5. Ge 13:3 And he went on his journeys from the south even to Bethel, unto the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Bethel and Hai;
  6. Ge 13:11 Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan; and Lot journeyed east: and they separated themselves the one from the other.
  7. Ge 11:26 And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.
  8. Ge 17:5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
  9. Ge 16:15 ¶ And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son’s name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.
  10. Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son],


The book of the son of David

Mt 1:1 ¶ The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Matthew had several years to study the scriptures after Mark wrote his gospel. He included material not covered by Mark because he saw that the life of Jesus fulfilled scripture and he included enough information to show the hermeneutic tool he used to gain his insights.

Compare the verse above with :

Ec 1:1 ¶ The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

Both Ecclesiastes and Matthew are the books of the son of David. Ecclesiastes speaks of the kingdom of the earth and concludes that it is all vanity. Matthew talks about the kingdom of heaven.

The Hebrew preacher is one who spoke publicly to gatherings. After Matthew takes care of some prophetic riddles he will portray Jesus as the preacher with the sermon on the mount.

In addition to these interesting observations, the two books play into the first-son, second-son theme. This is where the second son obtains the inheritance or promise where the first son loses it. The second book of the son of David show Jesus as the king, the second book of the son of David.

The word generation in Hebrew is toledoth. It is more properly interpreted as “the record belong to or written by”. Mt 1:1 can be read “The book of the record of Jesus Christ…”. Now rather than read the list of names as a genealogy, Matthew points back to the OT record of these men and calls attention to the first/second son theme.

He specifically declares that the book is the record of Jesus. Matthew particularly calls attention to the book of the son of David, even though he wants to start with Abraham. Why? Because it is required to solve the riddle. He will later say that there are 42 ‘records’ (genreations/toledoth) of Jesus, but he will have only listed 41… unless you count the book of Matthew itself as the missing record.

Mark’s beginning

Mark quoted scripture “Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.”

Isa 40:3 ¶ The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
Isa 57:14 And shall say, Cast ye up, cast ye up, prepare the way, take up the stumblingblock out of the way of my people.
Mal 3:1 ¶ Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.

The first thing you notice is that Marks quote doesn’t look much like a direct quote. Get over it. Standards for quoting, avoiding plagiarism, etc. simply did not exist. Even Jesus paraphrased scripture rather than directly quote it. God’s word does not return void. Every translation of scripture is a paraphrase. If you understand scripture, share it. Don’t let your inability to quote the English paraphrase word for word stop you.

But, the differences are not attributable to simple casual use. Jesus taught his disciples that all the scriptures spoke of him. [1] [2]Each one of the prophecies speaks of Christ.

John is the messenger who prepares the way. He comes before “the Lord”, “our God”, “my people (Israel)”, and “me”. Each is a reference to Christ. Mark has identified each prophecy as speaking of Christ. He summarizes them all and addressed them to Christ in “thy face”.

Mark had declared Jesus to be the Lord and God. He has equated Israel, which was called the son of God, with the Son of God. And he has Identified him as both the speaker and the subject of the prophecy of Malachi.

The first lesson in hermeneutics is that all scripture speaks of Christ. They are Christocentric.


  1. Joh 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
  2. Lu 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

The gospel gaps

First the gaps between the beginnings of each gospel will be examined. Beginning with Mark, the additional material from Matthew, then Luke, then John will be examined to see the tools they used as they studied the scriptures. Their hermeneutic will become evident from the Old Testament text using the tools that we mentioned previously.

NT authors saw history as prophecy
NT authors point to OT patterns
NT authors play with riddles
NT authors read meaning from Hebrew letters

Mark began his gospel with the preaching of John the Baptist and relates it to the prophecy of Isaiah. [1] And his costume and behavior was intended to elicit thoughts of Elijah. [2] The tools Mark used will be identified.

Matthew begins with a reference to Abraham. [3] Between Abraham and Isaiah and Elijah, there is a lot of history. The mystery in the history that Mark missed will be examined, as well as the tools which make them known.

Luke begins his story with Adam, even though his gospel has some introductory remarks. The material he includes between Adam and Abraham will be examined for the mystery and the tools which reveal it.

John starts his gospel off using Ge 1:1. The material included from creation to Adam will be examined to demonstrate his mastery of the mystery. John introduces many doctrinal novelties when compared to previous authors: The Logos, Light, Bread, Door, etc. He had access to tools that the previous authors did not. But he had many more years, and many of those in isolation, to study the mystery in depth.


  1. Isa 40:3 ¶ The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Isa 40:4 Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:
  2. Mr 1:6 And John was clothed with camel’s hair, and with a girdle of a skin about his loins; and he did eat locusts and wild honey;
  3. Mt 1:1 ¶ The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.


The ‘Q’ document

Many Biblical scholars look for subtle ways to discredit the Bible. Such is the invention of the ‘Q’ document. It is an imaginary document said to predate Matthew and Luke, from which Matthew and Luke drew their material. They theoretically used it to embellish the Book of Mark to produce their own books.

Consider the ramifications if that were true. It would mean that there was a source which was more authoritative than Matthew and Luke which has been lost. The reason given that no one mentions it is that it was confusing, and Matthew and Luke had to make it’s teachings more understandable.

The claim then is that God inspired a work which no one could understand and so the Greeks had to interpret God to man in a way he could understand. Furthermore, it implies that many jots and tittles from Gods word were lost. [1]

The reason scholars need to believe in mythical scriptures is because they do not understand where Matthew and Luke (and John), many years later, got the material that wasn’t available to Mark.

The answer is plain. The mystery which was hidden from the beginning was revealed through Christ and the cross. The apostles did not get magic knowledge, or a tiny taste of omniscience, but they studied the scriptures in the context of the resurrection, to understand the mystery. The more they studied, the more they understood. [2] The more they studied, the more the Holy Spirit brought things to remembrance that they had been taught [3] and so the more they shared.

As mentioned earlier:

Mark wrote that the story began with the preaching of John the Baptist. [4] Later, with more time to study, they saw the prophetic riddles extending back to Abraham. Matthew begins his gospel there.[5] With more time, Luke was able to push the beginning of the story back to Adam. [6] And with the most time, and isolation on a prison island, John was able to push the start of the story all the way back to the first words of Genesis. [7]
The differences in how stories are told between the gospel authors tell us how much more they could understand the prophetic riddles of the Old Testament. They were able to correlate even more details concerning the life of Christ with the prophetic riddles. Some details did not need repeated since they were well known from previous teachings.

It is a simple thing to scoff at the myth of the Q-document. It is another to actually produce the additional information from the Old Testament by studying it the way that Jesus taught them to. By studying the ‘new’ material from one gospel to the next, and examining how subjects handled in both are treated differently, we can discern the proficiency with which they could handle the mystery at that snapshot in time. Evidence can be shown they could use the same tools more proficiently, and that they discovered new tools with time.


  1. Mt 5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
  2. 2Ti 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
  3. Joh 14:26 But the Comforter, [which is] the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.
  4. Mr 1:1 ¶ The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God; Mr 1:2 As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
  5. Mt 1:1 ¶ The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
  6. Lu 3:38 Which was [the son] of Enos, which was [the son] of Seth, which was [the son] of Adam, which was [the son] of God.
  7. Joh 1:1 ¶ In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.